According to the preliminary results of the National Population and Housing Census 2021, the population of Poland was 38,179.800, down 0.9% compared to the results of the 2011 census. The number of women decreased by 187,800. (ie 0.9%), and men by 144,400. (i.e. 0.8%).
The preliminary results of the census indicate that in the period 2011-2021 there were significant changes in the structure of the population by economic age groups. The percentage of the pre-working age population decreased – from 18.7% in 2011 to 18.2% in 2021, and the percentage of the working age population – from 64.4% in 2011 to 60.0% in 2021
There was a greater decrease in the share of people of mobile working age in the total population (by 2.4 percentage points) than the share of people of non-mobile working age (by 2.0 percentage points). On the other hand, the share of the post-working age population clearly increased – from 16.9% to 21.8%, i.e. by almost 5 percentage points. This means that over a decade, more than 1.8 million people in the 60/65+ age group were added, and thus more than every 5th inhabitant of Poland is over 60 years old.
Flats and buildings located in Poland
The preliminary results of the census show that on March 31, 2021, almost 15.2 million apartments were located in the country, located in approximately 6.8 million buildings. Compared to the results of 2011, the number of apartments increased by almost 1.7 million, i.e. 12.6%, and the number of buildings increased by almost 800,000, i.e. 13.3%.